NEPED, a Government of Nagaland (GON) program implemented in two phases, is funded by India Canada Facility (ICEF). The first phase, called Nagaland Environment Protection and Economic Development through People’s Action (NEPED I), started in February 1995 and ended in March 2001. The second phase, called Nagaland Empowerment of People through Economic Development (NEPED II), commenced operations from April 2001 and wound up on 31st March 2006. The first phase of the project undertook tree plantation along with jhum (swidden or slash and burn) cultivation practiced by the tribes of Nagaland. The second phase centered on creating a micro-credit mechanism in the villages, through which a paradigm shift from subsidy oriented mindset of the people towards self reliance was created.
The Need for Energy:
NEPED has shown considerable openness to adoption of various technologies for deployment in Nagaland. NEPED is now deploying energy platforms in the form of cost effective, low maintenance and eco friendly pico hydel generating units as localized energy solutions. The project is based on the needs that emerged from the second phase of NEPED II.
Retaining the well established acronym, the Nagaland Empowerment of People through Energy Development (NEPeD), came into being in December 2006. This multi disciplinary team comprising of 7 members were given the mandate to implement development oriented projects under Pico/ Micro hydropower of sub-megawatt level in order to provide value added services to farmers that had been impacted by the previous 2 phases of NEPED.
NEPeD in addition has also been mandated by the Government of Nagaland (GON) to implement hydel projects up to 50 kW capacity.
Nagaland has the unique distinction where people are empowered and have sustainable livelihoods by being part of a vibrant economy, driven by locally generated eco-friendly power that is being used for accelerated development. This enables Nagaland to leapfrog into the globalize world as a leader in sustainable development worthy of emulation. There is peace and harmony everywhere.
In order to achieve the vision, NEPeD shall work with the stakeholders to evolve a bottom-up approach to empower them to become partners in development and create awareness about green-energy utilization and its benefits for enhancing quality of life.
Accumulated resources shall be judiciously used to create need-based infrastructure with a people centric approach to development. Working in a transparent manner, NEPeD becomes a replicable development model that inspires and mobilizes people and governments to succeed.
The pico technology has been exhibited and demonstrated amongst all sections of the people in the state whereby many of the farmers have benefited from these pico machines.
The team has already installed over 200 hydroger units all over the state. NEPeD has also installed hydrogers in Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh,Maharashtra, Karbi Anglong in Assam for technology promotion and is now in the process of tying up with the Meghalaya Rural Development Society (MRDS) to install hydrogers in two districts of the state as pilot projects. The team has also installed a “Made in Nagaland” hydroger at Martam (Sikkim) for demonstration during the Sustainable Mountain Development Summit 2 at Gangtok from 25th to 26th May, 2012.
The POU has conducted survey and investigation of rivers in all the districts involving the villagers.
NEPeD while introducing and popularizing this technology has also encouraged the end users to preserve their catchment areas as well as the biodiversity.
NEPeD is also in the process of upscaling the machines to higher capacities for which R & D is being carried out on both Impulse and Reaction.
NEPeD has also collaborated with a private entrepreneur for development of wind turbine.
The team has also conducted a village case study at Kingjung village in Tuensang district for an end to end solution in energy generation.
Survey and Investigation for setting up pilot micro hydel projects have been carried out for which outsourcing for funding is under due process.
It is to be noted here that all the installed sites have been used mainly for lighting purposes.